Cardiac surgery has been an independent medical specialty since 1993. It has developed from general surgery, focusing on thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. It deals with the surgical treatment of congenital and acquired diseases and injuries of the heart and the vessels near the heart.
In principle, heart and vascular surgery are associated with risks. A correct indication and a detailed examination before the procedure are therefore essential to avoid taking unnecessary risks. Due to concomitant diseases, the risks of intervention can vary in their probability. A personal consultation is essential to clarify the individual risk.