The two modern imaging methods (echocardiography and magnetic ¬resonance¬ imaging) enable a non-invasive, gentle examination of the heart. Diseases of the heart muscle, heart valves, congenital heart defects, and other conditions can be detected precisely. Echocardiography works with ultrasound waves, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses magnetic fields to create layered heart images.
Transthoracic echocardiography is the necessary examination in cardiology. During the examination, an ultrasound probe is placed on the chest at various locations to examine the heart from different levels. Based on this examination, the most critical questions regarding the heart's structure and function, the heart valves, and the circulatory function can already be answered. Even a three-dimensional representation is already possible.